History for UPSC, SSC. 

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Arts & Culture

Under the new syllabus pattern of the Civil Services Examination conducted by the UPSC, the topic, ‘Indian Heritage and Culture’ has been accorded great weightage. ‘Indian Heritage and Culture’ spans across the entire length and breadth of Indian History and thus needs to be prepared holistically. Every year 5-10 questions will be asked in prelims CSAT paper 1. Paper1 of mains GS: at least 20% of paper will be from this section. From above two points,  we can easily deduce that leaving the art and culture portion will be suicidal for any UPSC aspirant.

Below notes will help you in covering Indian Arts and Culture for UPSC IAS Examination.

Chapter 1. Languages and their Distribution

Chapter 2. Indian Music

Chapter 3. Indian Dance

History for UPSC, SSC

An important positive aspect of the history is that it is marked by the lack of technicalities in this subject. The entire subject is transparent and involves no normal theories, methodologies, principles and doctrines. The entire concept of full-fledged theories can be found in other streams of the humanities like Sociology, Psychology, Geography, Public Administration etc. but they are noticeably absent in history as it has very few concrete theories. But, a good candidate should invest a considerable amount of time in current affairs preparation in almost all popular optional subjects like Geography, Public Administration and Political Science. While preparing for mains exam, updating of content to suit the flexible and dynamic requirement of the syllabus is the toughest part in the subject. Preparation for History optional doesn’t require updating as most part of the syllabus is static in nature. When it comes to developmental inter-connections and linkages history is very best option. As a result, if a candidate completely studies a particular topic, several other topics gets automatically covered.


Indian Polity is one of the important topics of the General Studies for Civil Services exam. In the new syllabus since 2011 it is mentioned as polity and governance.

Earlier preparation for the Preliminary and Main Examinations were totally different, the former tested the factual premises and the later checked the analytical premises. But, the new syllabus demands an integrated approach for both Prelims and Mains. According to the new trends of UPSC there is a necessity to study Indian Polity along with overall governance of the country.

Of course Indian Constitutional topics like Preamble, Nature of Constitution, Fundamental Rights and DPSPs, Union Executive, Union Parliament, State Executive and Legislature, Judiciary, Centre-State Relations etc form the core of Indian Polity. Apart from this several challenges to Indian democracy are also becoming one of the preferred areas of UPSC, for example Communalism, Regionalism, Caste Politics, Internal Security, Criminalization of politics, Corruption, Population, Poverty, Unemployment, etc.

In addition to this, contemporary issues like Good Governance, Role of IT in administration, Civil Society, Right to Information, Electoral Reforms, Role of Pressure Groups, Energy and Food Security, Environment and Sustainable development, etc. are also important.

The complete GS notes for Indian polity are available 


Economics is very important from the UPSC exam point of view. It is very crucial not just for Prelims but for Mains and interview as well. If we analyze past year papers we can see that economy section is increasingly getting more focus. You can witness by checking the PYQ’s and in Mains you can expect 2 – 4 questions.

Questions will be of easy – medium type. You don’t have to be an expertise to answer those questions, Basic understanding of Budget terms, Economic Survey would be suffice. Below notes will help you in preparing economics for upsc ias examination.

Chapter 1: History, Structure & Types of Banking

  • Origin of Reserve Bank of India
  • Structure of Banking
  • Regional Rural Banks & Co-operative banks
  • Types of Banking



Chapter 1: Ecology and Biomes

  • Ecozones – Food Chain – Niche Concepts
  • Food Webs – Trophic Levels – Pyramid of Numbers
  • Key Features of Biomes – Tundra Biome
  • Taiga Biome
  • Montane grasslands and shrublands – Tropical Rainforest
  • Tropical Monsoon Forests – Temperate Rainforests
  • Savannah Biome
  • Temperate grasslands – Mediterranean Shrublands – Desert biome

Science & Technology

Chapter 1: Role of Science and Technology in Today’s World

  • Science and Technology and the Developing Countries
  • Science and the industry of India

Chapter 2: Science and Technology in India

  • Historical Background of Indian Science
  • S&T in the 20th Century and Today

 2019-20 Session

For the Civil Services Examination,2019-20, Siddhartha's IAS is to commence courses in General Studies (Prelim cum Main), Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) & Optional Subjects in  2019.

The admission process for First Session would begin from the 1st week of May 2019 for the May session.

The Second Session for Civil Services Exam 2019-20, is to commence towards the 2nd week of July 2019 for General Studies (Prelim cum Main) and for Optional Subjects & Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) in the month of July and October 2019. The admission procedure would start around the 3rd week of June for the second session. Some Optional Subjects would begin classes in July or October, as mentioned in the admission schedule.

The Third Session for Civil Services Exam 2019-20, is to commence in August 2019 for General Studies (Prelim cum Main) and for Optional Subjects & Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) in the month of October 2019. The admission procedure would start around the 2nd week of August for the third session.

The other courses that Siddhatha's IAS conducts include Essay, Prelim Examination Test Series & Main Examination Test Series.

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